Fonio millet (Digitaria exilis
) is an orphan African cereal crop with a great potential for dryland agriculture. High-quality genomic resources were established to facilitate fonio improvement through molecular breeding. Creation of a chromosome-scale reference assembly and deep re-sequencing of 183 cultivated and wild Digitaria accessions enabled insights into genetic diversity, population structure, and domestication.
Field of cultivated fonio in Guinea. b)
Grains of maize, wheat, rice, and fonio (from left to right). c
Representative example of oligo painting FISH on mitotic metaphase chromosomes with probes from pseudomolecules 9A (green) and 9B (red) of the CM05836 assembly (scale bar = 5 μm).