Centre of Plant Structural & Functional Genomics

Our research unveils the organization of genetic information of plants and explains how it controls plant growth and development. Our teams collaborate with colleagues across the world. We have participated in the ambitious projects that delivered genome sequences of important crops including barley and wheat.

News

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New publication: Flow karyotyping of wheat- Aegilops . . .
Annotation:  Breeding of wheat adapted to new climatic conditions and resistant to diseases and pests is hindered by a limited gene pool due to domestication and thousands of years of human selection. Annual goatgrasses (Aegilops spp.) with M and U genomes are potential sources of the missing genes and alleles. Development of alien introgression lines of wheat may be facilitated by the knowledge of DNA sequences of Aegilops chromosomes. As the . . .
New publication: Prospects of telomere-to-telomere . . .
Annotation: Sequence assemblies of most plant genomes remain fragmented, leaving the aim of gapless, telomere-to-telomere (T2T) sequence assemblies unattained. Revealing the causes of sequence gaps in the current assemblies helps determine the resources needed to close them. We analysed sequence gaps in the current long-read reference genome sequence of barley cv. Morex (MorexV3) by the optical map and sequence raw . . .
New publication: Repeat-based holocentromeres . . .
Annotation: While most eukaryotes contain single regional centromeres, several plant and animal lineages assemble holocentromeres along the entire chromosome length. In our study, we assembled genomes of three beak sedges (Rhynchospora pubera, R. breviuscula, and R. tenuis) with repeat-based holocentromeres as well as a genome of their closest monocentric relative, Juncus effusus, and compared their genome organization and evolution as a function of . . .

Events

The Czech Plant Nucleus Workshop 2023
Date:
June 20 - 21, 2023
Place:
Mendel Refectory, Augustinian Abbey, Brno
To connect students and scientists working on plant nucleus and chromosome biology in the Czech Republic.
Seminar of Petr Fajkus
Date:
15.6.2021 at 13:00
Place:
ÚEB, Šlechtitelů 31, Olomouc
Theme: Telomerase RNA: Insights into the enigmatic evolutionary history of a key eukaryotic non coding RNA
Seminar of Karel Janko et al.
Date:
22.9.2021
Place:
ÚEB, Šleechtitelů 31, Olomouc
Theme: Asexuality as bridge towards polyploidy: evolution of genome and genotype-by-environment interactions under clonality.
Seminar of Clément Lafon Placette
Date:
28.11.2019
Place:
ÚEB, Šlechtitelů 31, Olomouc
Theme: Endosperm development: bridging the gap between molecular mechanisms and evolutionary processes

Our Activities

The Institute of Experimental Botany of the Czech . . .
The Centre of Plant Structural and Functional Genomics is one of the organizational units of the Institute of Experimental Botany of the Czech Academy of Sciences. The Institute of was founded in 1962. Today, it has 14 laboratories located in Prague and Olomouc. The institute conducts fundamental research in plant genetics, physiology, phytopathology and biotechnology. The research in plant genetics focuses on plant genome organization, evolution and . . .
The Centre of the Region Haná for Biotechnological and . . .
The Centre of Plant Structural and Functional Genomics is part of the Centre of the Region Haná for Biotechnological and Agricultural Research, which is is a collaborative project of the Palacký University in Olomouc and the Olomouc branches of the Crop Research Institute (Department of Vegetables and Special Crops) and Institute of Experimental Botany of the Czech Academy of Sciences (The Centre of Plant Structural and Functional Genomics). The . . .
The Application Laboratory for Agricultural Research
The Application Laboratory for Agricultural Research is the first laboratory at the Czech Academy of Sciences to link scientists with breeders and farmers. It was established under the Food for Future Program of the Strategy AV21 in February 2017 and is located at the Centre of Plant Structural and Functional Genomics of the Institute of Experimental Botany in Olomouc. The main objective of the Laboratory is to facilitate the . . .
The Foods for the Future research program of Strategy . . .
The Strategy of the Czech Academy of Sciences responds to current social challenges through a sophisticated formulation of research programmes, based on cooperation of scientific fields and institutions. The research programmes of the CAS are open to partners from universities, corporations, and institutions of regional administration, as well as foreign research groups and organisations. The research programmes are proposed and formulated in discussion . . .